Periodontal disease, or periodontitis and gum disease, is a common inflammatory condition most often preceded by gingivitis, a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. Periodontal disease affects the soft tissues surrounding the tooth. Irritated by the toxins contained in plaque, the gums have a chronic inflammatory response that causes the body to break down and destroy its own bone and soft tissue. There may be little or no symptoms as periodontal disease causes the teeth to separate from the infected gum tissue. In more advanced stages the jawbone can be effected. If left untreated, it can lead to shifting or loose teeth and eventually tooth loss.
2 Major Types Periodontal Disease Explained
This most common form of periodontitis is characterized by inflammation of supporting tissue, deep pockets and receding gums. At this stage there is a slow decline and periods of rapid progression.
This form of gum disease generally occurs in healthy individuals and is characterized by rapid loss of bone and tissue. Localized areas, or the entire mouth can be affected. This form can happen quickly and without warning signs.
Two less common forms of periodontal disease are Necrotizing periodontitis and Periodontitis caused by systemic disease. They are generally associated with systemic health problems such as diabetes, respiratory and heart disease, and HIV, and can cause bone and tissue loss.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world and should always be promptly treated. Warning Signs of Periodontal Disease:
Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment. Your dentist may also recommend that you see a Periodontist (specialist of the gums and supporting bone).
Depending upon the advancement of the disease and condition of the bone and tissue, one or more of the following treatments may be recommended:
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